Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns direct attention to a specific person, place, or thing. There are only four demonstrative pronouns: this, that, these and those.

We use this/these to talk about people and things which are close to the speaker.

This/these can refer to situations and experiences which are going on or just about to start.

We use that/those to talk about people and things which are more distant from the speaker, or not present.

That/those can refer to experiences which have just finished, or which are most distant in the past.

See also:

Demonstrative adjectives