Participle Phrases

participle is a form of a verb that functions as an adjective. There are two kinds of participles: present participles and past participles.

Present participles end in -ing (jumping, burning, speaking). Past participles usually end in -ed, -t, or -en (jumped, burnt, spoken).

Don’t confuse participles and verbs. Participles aren’t preceded by an auxiliary verb, as these examples show:

Participles can combine with other words into participle phrases. They act as adjectives, as these examples show: