Subject And Predicate

The subject is the noun or pronoun that comes before the verb in an ordinary affirmative sentence. The subject often says (in an active sentence) who or what does the action that the verb refers to.

In a sentence containing more than one clause, each clause has its own subject. A simple example is given below.

Here Susie is the subject of the main clause, while Natalie is the subject of the complement clause.


That part of the sentence that contains the verb and consists of a verb phrase. In the following examples, the bracketed portion is the predicate.

In a question or in another sentence involving fronting, the predicate may be discontinuous, or it may precede the subject.