Uses Of It


It is a pronoun used for lifeless things and animals.

It is often used to refer to a young child. This is particularly common when the sex of the child is not mentioned.

It can be used to refer to some statement in the preceding clause.

It can be used as impersonal pronoun.

Note that it is also used in speaking of the weather or the time.

It can be used to refer back to a collective noun when it is viewed as a single unit.

Note

We do not use it to refer back to a collective noun when it is used to refer to the separate members. Instead we use they.

Note also the use of the plural verb.