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An adjective is a word used to describe people, things, events etc. It denotes a temporary or permanent quality associated with a noun.

Examples are: honest, beautiful, old, small, big, happy etc.

A typical adjective has the following properties:

1. It can be placed before a noun.

  • I saw a beautiful (adjective) girl (noun).
  • We have a little house in the city. (Here the adjective little goes before the noun house.)
  • She is a beautiful girl. (Here the adjective beautiful goes before the noun girl.)
  • It was a pleasant surprise.
  • She is a nice girl.
  • She is a tall woman.

2. It can be placed after a verb like be, seem, look, become and feel.

  • He is clever.
  • She looks happy.
  • She is tall.
  • He is kind.
  • The boy couldn't prove that he was honest.
  • She was anxious to leave.

3. It can be compared either with –er, -est or with more, most.

    Short -> shorter -> shortest

    Smart -> smarter -> smartest

    Kind -> kinder -> kindest

    Pleasant -> more pleasant -> most pleasant

    Careful -> more careful -> most careful

  • She is taller than her husband.
  • She is more beautiful than her sister.
  • He is smarter than you think.
  • It was easier than I expected.

4. It can take a degree modifier like very, too, rather and so.

  • You are so sweet.
  • She is rather tall.
  • She is very beautiful.
  • The tea was too hot.

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