You will probably have noticed that the possessive pronouns have two forms - my, mine, your, yours etc.
The forms my, our, your, his, her and their are actually possessive adjectives, not pronouns. They are used before a noun.
- My car has come.
- This is my book.
- It is their fault.
- That is your coat.
The forms mine, ours, hers, theirs, yours are generally used after a noun.
- That book is mine.
- The fault is theirs.
- That coat is yours.
Uses of possessive pronouns
Possessive pronouns mine, ours, hers, theirs and yours can be used as the subject of a sentence. Note that possessive adjectives cannot be used like this. To be used as part of the subject, a possessive adjective has to be followed by a noun. Possessive pronouns, on the other hand, can stand alone.
- My house is small. Theirs is big.
- Your hair is black. Mine has turned grey.
- His cap is blue. Yours is red.
A possessive pronoun can be used as the object of a verb.
- He lost his pen; so I lent him mine.
A possessive pronoun can be used as the object of a preposition.
- I prefer your company to theirs.
- We have received no application except yours.
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