Prepositional phrases

Posted by Manjusha Filed in English grammar

Prepositional phrases begin with a preposition and end with a noun or pronoun.

Examples are:

By the lake
By the ocean
Near the window
Over the cabinet
With us
On the roof
Under the bed

There are two kinds of prepositional phrases: adjectival phrases and adverbial phrases.

Adjectival phrases

When a prepositional phrase serves as an adjective, it's called an adjectival phrase. An adjectival phrase, as with an adjective, describes a noun or a pronoun. An adjectival phrase answers these questions: 'Which one?' or 'What kind?'

Examples

You can connect two or more prepositional phrases with a coordinating conjunction like and, but, or or yet.

Adverbial phrases

An adverbial phrase is a prepositional phrase that functions as an adverb. It modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb. The adverbial phrase answers one of these questions: 'Where?' 'When?' 'In what manner?' 'To what extent?'

Sections in this article

Phrases
Prepositional phrases
Appositives
Verbal phrases
Participle phrases
Infinitive phrases
Gerund phrases
Adjective clauses
Noun clauses
Synthesis of sentences
Transformation of sentences