Prepositional phrases

Posted by Manjusha Filed in English grammar

Prepositional phrases begin with a preposition and end with a noun or pronoun.

Examples are:

By the lake
By the ocean
Near the window
Over the cabinet
With us
On the roof
Under the bed

There are two kinds of prepositional phrases: adjectival phrases and adverbial phrases.

Adjectival phrases

When a prepositional phrase serves as an adjective, it's called an adjectival phrase. An adjectival phrase, as with an adjective, describes a noun or a pronoun. An adjectival phrase answers these questions: 'Which one?' or 'What kind?'


You can connect two or more prepositional phrases with a coordinating conjunction like and, but, or or yet.

Adverbial phrases

An adverbial phrase is a prepositional phrase that functions as an adverb. It modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb. The adverbial phrase answers one of these questions: 'Where?' 'When?' 'In what manner?' 'To what extent?'

Sections in this article

Prepositional phrases
Verbal phrases
Participle phrases
Infinitive phrases
Gerund phrases
Adjective clauses
Noun clauses
Synthesis of sentences
Transformation of sentences