Direct and indirect speech: Reporting verb

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Reporting verb is the verb which reports the speech.

Said is preferred when there is no object.

Tell/told is used when you say who is/was being spoken to.

We use talk and speak when we are referring to the action of communicating.

See also

Direct and indirect speech
Rules for the change of pronouns
Reporting verb
Rules for the change of tenses
Rules for the change of adverbs
Reporting hopes, intentions and promises
Reporting orders, requests and advice
Reporting questions
Reporting questions: grammar exercise
Reported speech exercise
Reporting Yes/No questions