Practical English Usage
English grammar and vocabulary exercises
11 Substitutes for because and because of
In English we use many different words and phrases to give the reason for something. Of course, the most common is ‘because’. Other words/phrases are not so common.
Because is a conjunction. It should be followed by a clause. The phrase ‘because of’ is also used to give an explanation. It is a two-word preposition and should be followed by a noun, not a clause.
In this lesson, we will take a look at some not-so-common substitutes for because and because of.
1. As and since
These conjunctions are used when the reason is already known to the reader or when it is not the most important part of the sentence. As and since-clauses usually come at the beginning of the sentence.
Because is used when the reason is not known to the reader/listener or when the writer wants to put emphasis on the reason.
2. As a result of
As a result of is a substitute for ‘because of’. It should be followed by a preposition.
3. As long as
As long as can mean ‘since’ or ‘because’.
So long as can also be used.
As long as can also be used to state conditions.
Note that after as long as, we use a present tense to refer to the future.
4. Due to
‘Due to’ is a preposition. It can be used instead of because of.
Note that because of can also be used in this case.
For can be a substitute for because in a poetic style.
6. Inasmuch as
Inasmuch as has more or less the same meaning as ‘because’. It is mainly used in a formal style.
7. In view of the fact that
This phrase has the same meaning as inasmuch as.
8. Now that
Now that can be used as a conjunction. In an informal style, that is often dropped.
9. Out of
This phrase is used to give explanations of emotions or feelings.
10. Owing to
Owing to is similar to due to. It is also used in a formal style.
11. Thanks to
Thanks to is the equivalent of because of. This can refer to either a positive or negative outcome.
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