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Focusing and linking

Key phrases

With reference to
Talking/speaking of/about
As regards
As far as … is concerned
As for

By announcing the subject in advance, these expressions focus attention on what is going to be said.

With reference to

With reference to is a very formal expression. It is used mainly at the beginning of business letters.

With reference to your letter of 18 June, I am pleased to inform you that …

Speaking/talking about/of

These expressions are used to make a link with what has just been said. It can help a speaker to change the subject.

‘I saw John and Mary today. You know she is -’ ‘Talking of John, did you know he is going to get married?’

As regards and as far as … is concerned

As regards and as far as … is concerned usually announce a change of subject by the speaker or writer.

There are no problems about production. As far as marketing is concerned, I think the best thing is to …

It is incorrect to leave out ‘is concerned’ after ‘as far as …’

As for

As for often suggests lack of interest or dislike.

I have invited Peter and John. As for, Mark, I don’t care if I never see him again in my life.


More English speaking lessons
Hopes and expectations
Talking about the weather
Talking about general aches and pains
Giving opinions
Talking about general likes and dislikes
Contrasting points
Talking about ability
Showing exphasis



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