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English Vocabulary

List of irregular verbs

This is a list of the common irregular verbs in English. For a complete list of English irregular verbs, see a good dictionary.

Infinitive
arise
awake
be
bet
beat
become
begin
bend
bind
bite
bleed
blow
break
bring
build
burn
buy
catch
choose
come
cost
cut
deal
dig
do
draw
dream
drink
drive
eat
fall
feed
feel
fight
find
fly
forget
forgive
freeze
get
give
go
grow
hang
have
hear
hide
hit
hold
hurt
keep
know
lay
lead
lean
learn
leave
lend
let
lie
light
lose
make
mean
meet
pay
put
read
ride
ring
rise
run
say
see
sell
send
set
shake
shine
shoot
show
shut
sing
sink
sit
sleep
smell
speak
speed
spell
spend
spill
spin
spit
split
spoil
stand
steal
stick
strike
swing
swim
take
teach
tear
tell
think
throw
understand
wake
wear
win
wind
write
Simple past
arose
awoke
was, were
bet, betted
beat
became
began
bent
bound
bit
bled
blew
broke
brought
built
burnt/burned
bought
caught
chose
came
cost
cut
dealt
dug
did
drew
dreamt/dreamed
drank
drove
ate
fell
fed
felt
fought
found
flew
forgot
forgave
froze
got
gave
went
grew
hung
had
heard
hid
hit
held
hurt
kept
knew
laid
led
leant/leaned
learnt/learned
left
lent
let
lay
lit/lighted
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
read
rode
rang
rose
ran
said
saw
sold
sent
set
shook
shone
shot
showed
shut
sang
sank
sat
slept
smelt/smelled
spoke
sped
spelt/spelled
spent
spilt/spilled
span/spun
spat
split
spoilt/spoiled
stood
stole
stuck
struck
swung
swam
took
taught
tore
told
thought
threw
understood
woke
wore
won
wound
wrote
Past participle
arisen
awoken
been
bet/betted
beaten
become
begun
bent
bound
bitten
bled
blown
broken
brought
built
burnt/burned
bought
caught
chosen
come
cost
cut
dealt
dug
done
drawn
dreamt/dreamed
drunk
driven
eaten
fallen
fed
felt
fought
found
flown
forgotten
forgiven
frozen
got
given
gone/been
grown
hung
had
heard
hidden
hit
held
hurt
kept
known
laid
led
leant/leaned
learnt/learned
left
lent
let
lain
lit/lighted
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
read
ridden
rung
risen
run
said
seen
sold
sent
set
shaken
shone
shot
shown
shut
sung
sunk
sat
slept
smelt/smelled
spoken
sped
spelt/spelled
spent
spilt/spilled
spun
spat
split
spoilt/spoiled
stood
stolen
stuck
struck
swung
swum
taken
taught
torn
told
thought
thrown
understood
woken
worn
won
wound
written

Note the following differences between British and American English.

1. burn, dream, lean, learn, smell, spell, spill and spoil are all regular in American English. In British English, irregular past tenses and participles with t are more common.

2. wake can be regular in American English.

3. quit and wet are regular in British English, but irregular in American English; fit is also usually irregular in American English.

GB: quit, quitted, quitted
US: quit, quit, quit
GB: wet, wetted, wetted
US: wet, wet, wet
US: fit, fit, fit

4. dive is regular in British English, but can be irregular in American English.

GB: dive, dived, dived
US: dive, dove, dived

5. In American English, the past participle of get is got or gotten.

 

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