Job seeker's vocabulary
This glossary is designed to give a quick definition of the words
you should know as a job seeker.
These are achievements you have had in your career. These key points
will help you sell you to an employer.
This is used by employers to verify the accuracy of the information you
provide in your resume or job application and beyond.
Career Objective/ Job Objective
This is an optional part of your resume. Job objective can sharpen your
resume and should be as specific as possible, and written in a way that
shows how you can benefit your employer.
The call a job seeker makes to an employer (usually through an
uninvited cover letter) who has not publicly announced any job openings.
The combination of salary and fringe benefits an employer provides to
an employee. When evaluating job offers, a job seeker should
consider the total package and not just salary.
An employee who works for an organization that sells his or her
services to another company on a project or time basis.
Counter offer/ Counter Proposal
This is a salary negotiation technique used by job seekers when a job
offer is not at an acceptable level. Almost all elements of a job offer
are negotiable, including the salary, non-salary compensation, moving
expenses, benefits and job specific issues.
A letter that should always accompany your resume when you contract a
potential employer. A good cover letter opens a window to your
personality and describes specific strengths and skills you offer the employer.
It should entice the employer to read your resume.
Curriculum Vitae (CV)
Another name for Resume
A letter sent to an employer to turn down a job offer. The writer
should keep the door open in case he or she would like to approach the
employer again someday.
Employment gaps/ breaks
Are those periods of time between jobs when job seekers are unemployed,
either by choice or by circumstances.
A person who works for himself/ herself and bid for temporary jobs and
projects with one or more employers.
Hidden job market
Only about 5-20 % of all job openings are ever publicly known, which
results in about four-fifths of the job market being 'closed', meaning
you can't find out about any new job openings unless you do some digging.
Strategies for uncovering the hidden job market include networking and
Types of work experiences for entry-level job seekers. Internships
involve working in your expected career field, either during a semester or
over the summer.
They are usually conducted by a member of the human resources
department. The screening interview is designed to weed out unqualified
The kind of interview that asks broad based questions such as, 'why do
you want to work for this company,' and 'tell me about your strengths
They are based on the premise that past performance is the best
indicator of future behaviour and uses questions that probe specific past
behaviours, such as, 'tell me about a time when you confronted an
unexpected problem' and 'tell me about an experience when you failed to achieve
Also referred to as problem solving interview. A job seeker is placed
in a hypothetical situation such as dealing with an irate customer, and
is judged by how well she/he reacts to complex information and arrives
They are a deliberate attempt to see how you handle yourself under
pressure. The interviewer may be sarcastic or argumentative, or may keep
you waiting. Expect these things to happen and when they happen don't
take them personally. Calmly answer each question as it comes. Also called