Apostrophes

Posted by Manjusha Filed in English Writing

We use apostrophes (’) for three main reasons.

Missing letters

It is used in writing a contraction to show the place of the omitted letters.

can’t (= cannot)
it’s (= it is)
I’d (= I would/had)
who’s (= who is/has)

Possessives

We use apostrophes in writing most possessives.

the girl’s father
three miles’ walk
two weeks’ work
my parents’ wedding

Possessive determiners and pronouns do not have apostrophes.

Special plurals

Apostrophes are used in the plurals of letters, and often of numbers and abbreviations.

Sections in this article

Full stops, question marks and exclamation marks
Comma
Colon and semicolon
Hyphen
Dash
Apostrophes
Quotation marks