Learn English Grammar, Speaking, Practical English Usage and business English writing
Reference Desk
English Grammar
Practical English Usage
Grammatical Terms
English Writing
English speaking
Business English
Interactive Pages
English grammar and vocabulary exercises




Posted by Manjusha Filed in English Writing

Contractions are forms like don't and I'm. They represent the pronunciation of informal speech. They are common and correct in informal writing too.

Contracted forms are given in brackets.

  • I am   (I'm)
  • I have   (I've)
  • I will   (I'll)
  • I had/would   (I'd)
  • You are   (You're)
  • You have   (You've)
  • You will   (You'll)
  • You had/would   (You'd)
  • He is/ has   (He's)
  • He will   (He'll)
  • He had/would   (He'd)
  • She is/has   (She's)
  • She will   (She'll)
  • She had/would   (She'd)
  • It is/ has   (It's)
  • We are   (We're)
  • We have   (We've)
  • We will   (We'll)
  • We had/would   (We'd)
  • They are   (They're)
  • They have   (They've)
  • They will   (They'll)
  • They had/would   (They'd)
  • There is/has   (There's)
  • There will   (There'll)
  • There had/would   (There'd)
  • Are not   (Aren't)
  • Cannot   (Can't)
  • Could not   (Couldn't)
  • Dare not   (Daren't)
  • Did not   (Didn't)
  • Does not   (Doesn't)
  • Do not   (Don't)
  • Had not   (Hadn't)
  • Has not   (Hasn't)
  • Have not   (Haven't)
  • Is not   (Isn't)
  • Might not   (Mightn't)
  • Must not   (Mustn't)
  • Need not   (Needn't)
  • Ought not   (Oughtn't)
  • Shall not   (Shan't)
  • Should not   (Shouldn't)
  • Used not   (Usedn't)
  • Was not   (Wasn't)
  • Were not   (Weren't)
  • Will not   (Won't)
  • Would not   (Wouldn't)

1. In non-standard English, ain't is used as a contraction of am not, are not, is not, have not and has not.

  • He ain't going to come. (= He is not going to come.)
  • Don't talk to me like that - you ain't my master. (= You are not my master.)
  • I ain't got anything to read. (= I have not got anything to read.)

2. Daren't, shan't and usedn't are not often used in American English.

3. Am not is not normally contracted in questions. We use aren't.

  • I am late, aren't I? (NOT ... amn't I)


Sections in this article

How to write dates?
Use of Capital letters
Some useful spelling rules
Paragraph writing
Formal and informal speech and writing
Newspaper headlines grammar
Newspaper headlines vocabulary Updated!
Italicization rules
Letter writing
Essay writing
Email writing tips
Resume writing
Cover-letter writing
Personal letter writing tips
Thank you notes
Condolence letter writing tips
TOEFL writing tips New!





Custom Search

Buy my book

english grammar and usage ebook Support independent publishing: Buy this e-book on Lulu.

Subscribe to our feed

Subscribe to our feed and get great lessons and tips delivered to your inbox.

Enter your email address: