Practical English Usage
English grammar and vocabulary exercises
Newspaper headlines: grammar
Newspaper headlines are not always complete sentences. Many headlines consist of noun phrases with no verb.
MORE POWER CUTS
Articles and the verb be are often left out in headlines.
HUSSAIN PAINTING OBSCENE, SAYS MINISTER
In headlines, simple tenses are often used instead of progressive or perfect forms. The simple present is used for both present and past events.
FORMER PM PASSES AWAY (= Former PM has passed away.)
The present progressive is used to talk about changes. Be is usually dropped.
EARTH GETTING WARMER, SAY SCIENTISTS (=Earth is getting warmer.)
Headlines often use infinitives with to refer to the future.
PM TO VISIT CANADA
For is also used to refer to future movements or plans.
INDIAN TROOPS FOR IRAQ? (= Are Indian soldiers going to be sent to Iraq?)
Auxiliary verbs are usually dropped from passive structures, leaving only past participles.
SIX PEOPLE KILLED IN EXPLOSION (=Six people have been killed in explosion.)
Note that forms like held, found and attacked are usually past participles with passive meanings, not past tenses.
NUCLEAR DEAL ROW: PM ATTACKED (=PM has been attacked.)
A colon (:) is often used to separate the subject of a headline from what is said about it.
POWER CRISIS: GOVERNMENT TO ACT
Sections in this article
Buy my book
|English Grammar |||Practical English Usage |||Grammatical terms |||English Writing |||English speaking |||Vocabulary ||
Last updated on August 4, 2007|
|Copyright © 2006 - 2008 perfectyourenglish.com |
All Rights Reserved.