Verb Patterns | Lesson 2
Subject + verb + object + complements
Some transitive verbs are followed by an object and an object complement.
- The people wanted to crown Caesar king.
- They named the baby Christopher.
- You may call it what you will.
- They chose him their leader.
Note that in the examples given above, the complement of the object is a noun or noun equivalent. The preposition as or for is sometimes used with verbs elect and chose, but not with the others.
- Whom will they chose for their leader?
- I wonder whom they will elect as President.
Consider the examples given below.
- The noise drove him mad.
- He painted the car red.
- We found the house empty.
- We consider the matter very important.
Here the complement of the object is an adjective. Sometimes to be is used before the complement.
- I consider the plan (to be) unwise.
- Most people supposed him (to be) innocent.
- I knew him to be conscientious.
- They have proved themselves (to be) worthy of our trust.
Subject + be + complement
The verb be is followed by a subject complement. The subject complement may be a noun, an adjective, an adverb or an adverbial phrase.
- He is an engineer.
- They are our friends.
- The play was interesting.
- He is in the next room.
- God is everywhere.
Some intransitive verbs are also followed by subject complements.
- She remained a spinster.
- The crowd turned violent.
- That sounds funny.
- I felt miserable.
- He went abroad.