Verb Patterns | Lesson 3
Subject + verb + question word + infinitive
In this structure we use question word + infinitive as direct object.
- I don’t know where to turn for help.
- We must find out what to do next.
- Let us decide when to start.
- Have you been told where to stay?
- I don’t know how to stop it.
- We must remember where to turn off the main road.
- Do you know what to look for?
Note that it is wrong to use ‘What to do?’ as a question. You must say ‘What shall we do?’ or ‘What is to be done?’
The question word + infinitive can be changed into a noun clause.
- I don’t know where to turn for help. (= I don’t know where I should turn for help. )
- We must find out what to do next. (= We must find out what we should do next. )
- Let us decide when to start. (= Let us decide when we should start. )
Subject + verb + indirect object + question word + infinitive
- I will show you how to manage it.
- Could you tell me where to find a good hotel?
- Someone should teach you how to behave.
- A good dictionary tells you how to pronounce words.
- Please direct me how to get there.
Have (or get) + object + past participle
Getting something done by somebody else is expressed by the structure have (or get) + object + past participle.
- I must have my shoes mended. (OR I must get my shoes mended.)
- We got our house designed by a famous architect.
- She has had her photographs taken.
- She got her son trained as a mechanic.
The… the… with comparative adjectives
Comparison and contrast are expressed by the use of the … the …with comparative adjectives in parallel clauses. This structure is used to show proportionate increase or decrease.
- The less I see him the more I like him.
- The more he reads the less he understands.
- The older we grow the wiser we become.
- The richer one grows the greater one’s worries.
- The higher you climb the colder it gets.