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Countable And Uncountable Nouns

Countable nouns are the names of separate objects, people, ideas etc which can be counted. They have plurals. Examples are: dog, tree, girl, book, occasion and book We can use numbers and the article a/an with countable nouns. a dog two...

Could | Modal Auxiliary Verbs

Could is a modal auxiliary verb. There is no –s in the third person singular. Could is used to indicate ability that existed in the past. It is followed by an infinitive without to. In my younger days I could run...

Correlative Conjunctions

Some conjunctions are used in pairs. They are called correlative conjunctions. Most of these are of the coordinating type. Either … or You must either follow my instructions or resign. He is either a fool or a madman. Either you or he will have to go. Either you...

Copular Verbs

We use a special kind of verb to join two parts of a sentence and to express either that the two parts denote the same thing or that the first has the property denoted by the...

Coordinating Conjunctions

Conjunctions can be divided into two broad classes – coordinating and subordinating. Coordinating conjunctions join pairs of clauses that are grammatically independent of each other. Examples are: and, but, for, or, yet, so, nor, also, either…or, neither…nor etc. Birds fly and fish swim....

Conversational Structures

Must to express inference or probability Read the following sentences. She must be about thirty years old. You must have been mad to do such a thing. In the examples given above, must does not express compulsion or obligation, but...

Conjunctions And Relative Pronouns

ESL students often have problems in using English conjunctions correctly. One conjunction for two clauses One conjunction is enough to join two clauses – we do not normally use two. Though he is poor, he...

So As A Conjunction

So can mean ‘as well’ or ‘also’ in the structure so + auxiliary verb + subject. This structure is used to add something to the sentence before. Note that the auxiliary verb used with so is the same...

Common Errors With Conjunctions

A conjunction is merely a connecting word. It has no other function in the sentence. In most languages of European origin, clauses are joined together by conjunctions in similar ways. However, students who speak non-European-type languages often experience some...