Sentence functions

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Sentences can be classified according to their functions. There are four sentence functions in English: declarative, exclamatory, interrogative and imperative.


Declarative sentences state an idea. They end with a full stop.

Examples are:


Exclamatory sentences express strong emotions. They end with an exclamation mark. Examples are:


Interrogative sentences ask a question. They end with a question mark.

Examples are:


Imperative sentences give orders or directions. They end with a period or an exclamation mark.

Examples are:

An imperative sentence usually has no expressed subject (though you is understood as its subject).

See also

Types of sentences
Sentence functions
Adjective clauses
Relative clauses
Relative pronouns
Identifying relative clauses
Adverb clauses
Noun clauses
Synthesis of sentences
Transformation of sentences
The adverb too