Complete the given news item.
1. A taxi driver …………………… with a pistol and live cartridges outside a hotel in Chennai on Friday.
b) was arrested
c) has arrested
d) is arrested
e) is being arrested.
Answer: b) was arrested
Option a) arrested
Here the taxi driver isn’t the doer. Something is done to him. So, we require a passive verb here.
Option b) was arrested
‘Was arrested’ is the passive form of the active verb ‘arrested’. We use the simple past tense when we say when something happened in the past.
Option c) has arrested
The taxi driver has not arrested anybody. He was arrested. So this option is not possible.
Option d) is arrested
We do not use the simple present tense to say that something happened at a particular point of time in the past.
Option e) is being arrested
The present continuous form is not used to state that something happened in the past.
2. The Equal Streets Movement …………………… to give pedestrians and cyclists unrestricted access to streets for a few hours in the morning.
b) is aimed
c) has been aimed
d) was aimed
Answer: a) aims
We use the simple present tense to talk about facts.
The verb ‘is aimed’ is possible here but it should be followed by the preposition ‘at’.
The Equal Streets Movement is aimed at giving pedestrians and cyclists unrestricted access to streets for a few hours in the morning.