Kinds Of Sentences

Sentences can be classified according to their functions. There are four sentence functions in English: declarative, exclamatory, interrogative and imperative.

Declarative

Declarative sentences state an idea. They end with a full stop.

Examples are:

  • Susie smokes.
  • The war is over.
  • Three students failed to sit the examination.
  • I am not ready yet.

Exclamatory

Exclamatory sentences express strong emotions. They end with an exclamation mark. Examples are:

  • What a lovely day it is!
  • I can’t believe this!
  • What a mess this room is!
  • How beautiful it is!

Interrogative

Interrogative sentences ask a question. They end with a question mark.

Examples are:

  • Is Susie drinking tea?
  • What is Susie drinking?
  • Who are you?

Imperative

Imperative sentences give orders or directions. They end with a period or an exclamation mark.

Examples are:

  • Wash your hands.
  • Do your homework!
  • Sit down and listen!

An imperative sentence usually has no expressed subject (though you is understood as its subject).

Manjusha

Hi, I am Manjusha. This is my blog where I give English grammar lessons and worksheets. You may also want to check out my other blogs IELTS Practice and NCERT Guides

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