Much, Many, More, Most

Much means a lot of. It is used with singular nouns.

  • There isn’t much food in the house.
  • I don&3146;t have much free time.
  • You always give me too much trouble.

Before a pronoun, a geographical name or a noun with a determiner, we use much of.

  • She does much of her writing at home.
  • Much of this region is hilly.

Much can be used without a noun if the meaning is clear.

  • You have given me too much. I can’t eat it all.

Much can modify comparatives and superlatives.

  • I feel much better today.
  • This is much the best novel I have read.

Much can also modify adjectives, adverbs and verbs.

  • I am much annoyed at his behaviour.
  • I don’t like mangoes much.
  • She likes them very much.

Much vs. Many

Much is used with singular nouns; many is used with plural nouns.

  • I don’t have much free time due to the demands of work.
  • She didn’t eat much breakfast.
  • Many children are there in the park today.
  • He was among the many visitors to the site.
  • Among his many faults is self-importance.

Before a pronoun, a determiner or a geographical name we use many of.

  • Many of us thought that he was a fool.

More

More is the comparative of much and many. It indicates a greater number or quantity of something.

  • We need more money.
  • This problem is more complex than the other.
  • You need more sleep.

We use more of before a pronoun, a geographical name or a noun with a determiner.

  • He is more of a fool than I thought.
  • Can I have more of that cheese?
  • I would like to see more of Canada.

Most

Most is the superlative of much and many.

  • Most people enjoy watching a good movie.

When most has the superlative meaning, we use the before it.

  • Those who have the most money are not always the happiest.
  • He won the most votes in the election.

However, the can be dropped when most simply means the majority of.

  • Most children love toys.
  • Most people love children.

Before a pronoun, a geographical name or a noun with a determiner, we use most of.

  • We had done most of the work before lunchtime.
  • Most of my friends live abroad.
  • Most of us don’t own cars.
  • Most of Egypt is barren.
  • She does most of her writing at home.

We use most before a noun or a noun phrase without a determiner.

  • Most children love chocolates.
  • Most people enjoy watching a good movie.
  • He won the most seats in the election.

Points to be notedMost is the superlative of much. In comparisons when most has a superlative meaning we normally use it with the.

  • This is the most expensive suit I have ever bought.
  • This is the most difficult phase in my life.

However, the can be dropped when there is no idea of comparison.

  • Most people enjoy watching a good movie.
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Manjusha Nambiar

Hi, I am Manjusha. This is my blog where I give English grammar lessons and worksheets.

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