Science Vocabulary

Acoustics: The study of sound

Aerodynamics: The branch of mechanics that deals with the motion of air and other gases. Also, the study of motion and control of solid bodies like aircraft, missiles, etc., in air

Aeronautics: The science or art of flight

Aeronomy: The study of the earth’s atmosphere, including its composition, density, temperature and chemical reactions as recorded by sounding rockets and earth satellites

Aerostatics: The branch of statics that deals with gases in equilibrium and with gases and bodies in them

Aetiology: The science of causation

Agrobiology: The science of plant life and plant nutrition

Agronomy: The science of soil management and the production of field crops

Agrostology: The study of grasses

Alchemy: Chemistry in ancient times

Anatomy: The science dealing with the structure of animals, plants or human body.

Anthropology: The science that deals with the origin, physical and cultural development of mankind

Arboriculture: Cultivation of trees and vegetables

Archaeology: The study of antiquities

Astrochemistry: The study of interstellar matter with a view to knowing the origin of universe

Astrology: The ancient art of predicting the course of human destinies with the help of indications deduced from the position and movement of heavenly bodies

Astronautics: The science of space travel

Astronomy: The study of heavenly bodies

Astrophysics: The branch of astronomy concerned with the physical nature of heavenly bodies

Bacteriology: The study of bacteria

Biochemistry: The study of chemical processes of living things

Biology: The study of living things

Biometry: The application of mathematics to the study of living things

Biomechanics: The study of the mechanical laws relating to the movement or structure of living organisms

Bionics: The study of functions, characteristics and phenomena observed in the living world and the application of this knowledge to the world of machines

Bionomics: The study of the relation of an organism to its environments

Bionomy: The science of the laws of life

Biophysics: The physics of vital processes

Botany: The study of plants

Ceramics: The art and technology of making objects from clay

Chemistry: The study of elements and their laws of combination and behaviour

Chemotherapy: The treatment of disease by using chemical substances

Chronobiology: The study of the duration of life

Chronology: The science of arranging time in periods and ascertaining the dates and historical order of past events

Conchology: The branch of zoology dealing with the shells of mollusks

Cosmogony: The science of the nature of heavenly bodies

Cosmography: The science that describes and maps the main features of the universe

Cosmology: The science of the nature, origin and history of the universe

Cryobiology: The science that deals with the study of organisms, especially warm-blooded animals, at low temperature

Cryptography: The study of ciphers (secret writing)

Crystallography: The study of the structure, forms and properties of crystals

Cryogenics: The science dealing with the production, control and application of very low temperatures

Cryotherapy: Use of cold, but not freezing cold, as a form of treatment

Cytochemistry: The branch of cytology dealing with the chemistry of cells

Cytogenetics: The branch of biology dealing with the study of heredity from the point of view of cytology and genetics

Cytology: The study of cells, especially their formation, structure and functions

Dactylography: The study of fingerprints for the purpose of identification

Ecology: The study of the relation of animals and plants to their surroundings, animate and inanimate


Scientific terms and vocabulary

Econometrics: The application of mathematics in testing economic theories

Economics: The science dealing with the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services

Embryology: The study of development of embryos

Entomology: The study of insects

Epidemiology: The branch of medicine dealing with epidemic diseases

Epigraphy: The study of inscriptions

Ethnography: A branch of anthropology dealing with the scientific description of individual cultures

Ethology: The study of animal behaviour

Eugenics: The study of the production of better offspring by the careful selection of parents

Genealogy: The study of family origins and history. It includes the compilation of lists of ancestors and arranging them in pedigree charts

Genecology: The study of genetical composition of plant population in relation to their habitats

Genetics: The branch of biology dealing with the phenomena of heredity and the laws governing it

Geobiology: The biology of terrestrial life

Geobotany: The branch of botany dealing with all aspects of relations between plants and the earth’s surface

Geochemistry: The study of the chemical composition of the earth’s crust and the changes which take place within it

Geography: The development of science of the earth’s surface, physical features, climate, population etc.

Geology: The science that deals with the physical history of the earth

Geomedicine: The branch of medicine dealing with the influence of climate and environmental conditions on health

Geomorphology: The study of the characteristics, origin and development of land forms

Geophysics: The physics of the earth

Gerontology: The study of old age, its phenomena, diseases etc

Glaciology: The study of ice and the action of ice in all its forms

Histology: The study of tissues

Horticulture: The cultivation of flowers, fruits, vegetables and ornamental plants

Hydrology: The study of water with reference to its occurrence and properties in the hydrosphere and atmosphere

Hydropathy: The treatment of disease by the internal and external use of water

Hydroponics: The cultivation of plants by placing the roots in liquid nutrient solutions rather than oil

Hydrostatics: The mathematical study of forces and pressures in liquids

Hygiene: The science of health and its preservation

Mammography: Radiography of the mammary glands

Metallography: The study of the crystalline structures of metals and alloys

Mettallurgy: The process of extracting metals from their ores

Meteorology: The science of the atmosphere and its phenomena

Metrology: The scientific study of weights and measures

Microbiology: The study of minute living organisms, including bacteria, molds and pathogenic protozoa

Molecular biology: The study of the structure of the molecules which are of importance in biology

Morphology: The science of organic forms and structures

Mycology: The study of fungi and fungus diseases

Neurology: The study of the nervous system, its functions and its disorders

Neuropathology: The study of diseases of the nervous system

Numerology: The study of numbers. The study of the date and year of one’s birth and to determine the influence on one’s future life

Odontology: The scientific study of the teeth

Optics: The study of nature and properties of light

Ornithology: The study of birds

Orthopedics: The science of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and abnormalities of musculoskeletal system

Osteology: The study of the bones

Paleobotany: The study of fossil plants

Paleontology: The study of fossils

Pathology: The study of diseases

Philology: The study of written records, their authenticity etc

Phonetics: The study of speech sounds and the production, transmission, reception etc

Photobiology: The branch of biology dealing with the effect of light on organisms

Phrenology: The study of the faculties and qualities of minds from the shape of the skull

Phycology: The sudy of algae

Physics: The study of the properties of matter

Physiography: The science of physical geography

Physiology: The study of the functioning of the various organs of living beings

Phytogeny: The science dealing with origin and growth of plants

Pomology: The science that deals with fruits and fruit growing

Psychology: The study of human and animal behaviour

Radiobiology: The branch of biology which deals with the effects of radiations on living organisms

Radiology: The study of X-rays and radioactivity

Seismology: The study of earthquakes and the phenomena associated with it

Selenology: The scientific study of moon, its nature, origin, movement etc

Sericulture: The raising of silkworms for the production of silk

Sociology: The study of human society

Telepathy: Communication between minds by some means other than sensory perception

Therapeutics: The science and art of healing

Toxicology: The study of poisons

Virology: The study of viruses
Zoology: The study of animal life

Manjusha Nambiar

Hi, I am Manjusha. This is my blog where I give English grammar lessons and worksheets.

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