This, That, So, Through

This and that can be used with adjectives and adverbs in the same way as so. This usage is very common in informal English.

  • I didn’t realize that it was going to be this bad. (=I didn’t realize that it was going to be so bad.)
  • I don’t think that he is that clever. (=I don’t think that he is so clever.)
  • Was she that stupid to trust his again? (=Was she so stupid to trust him again?)
  • I don’t understand why she should get this upset. (= I don’t understand why she should get so upset.)

Through is commonly used in American English to mean ‘up to and including’ a particular point of time.

  • The park is open from May through October. (= The park will be open in May, June, July, August, September and October.)
  • Our offices are open from Monday through Friday.

In British English, through is not used in this way. Instead, British people use to…inclusive or until the end of…

  • The park is open from May to October inclusive.
  • The park is open from May until the end of October.
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Manjusha Nambiar

I am the founder and editor of http://www.perfectyourenglish.com, http://www.ielts-practice.org, and http://ncertguides.com

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