Verbs Easily Confused


Verbs that are easily confused

Infinitive / Simple Past / Past Participle

fall / fell / fallen
feel / felt / felt
fill / filled / filled
find / found / found
found / founded / founded
flow / flowed / flowed
fly / flew / flown
lay / laid / laid
lie / lay / lain
lie / lied / lied
leave / left / left
live / lived / lived
raise / raised / raised
rise / rose / risen
strike / struck / struck
stroke / stroked / stroked
wind / wound / wound
wound / wounded / wounded

Notes

find – get back something
found – start up an organization or institution
flow (of a liquid) – move
fly – move in the air
lay – put down flat
lie – be down
lie – say things that are not true
raise – put up
rise – go/get up
strike – hit
stroke – pass the hand gently over
wind – turn, tighten a spring etc.
wound – injure in a battle

Verbs easily confused

Fall and fell

Fall is an irregular intransitive verb. Its past tense and past participle forms are: fell and fallen.

Fall / fell / fallen

Be careful; otherwise you will fall off the ladder.

Fell is a regular transitive verb. It means ‘chop down a tree’. The past and past participle forms of fell are: felled and felled.

Fell / felled / felled

Find and found

Find means ‘get back something lost’. Find is an irregular verb. Its past and past participle forms are: found and found.

Find / found / found

Found means ‘start up an organization or institution’. It is a regular verb and forms its past and past participle forms by adding –ed to the base form.

Found / founded / founded

Flow and fly

Flow (of a liquid) = move
Flow is a regular verb and forms its past and past participle forms by adding –ed to the base form.

Flow / flowed / flowed

Fly means ‘move in the air’. Its past and past participle forms are flew and flown.

Fly / flew / flown

Raise and rise

Raise means ‘put up’, ‘make something larger or greater’ and similar ideas.

Raise is regular. Its past and past participle forms are: raised and raised.

Raise / raised / raised

Raise can also mean ‘bring up’. With this meaning it is usually used in the passive.

Rise means ‘get up’ or ‘stand up’.

Past and past participle forms of rise are: rose and risen.

Rise / rose / risen

Strike and stroke

Strike means ‘hit’.
Past and past participle forms of strike are: struck and struck.

Strike / struck / struck

Stroke means ‘pass the hand gently over’.

Stroke is a regular verb and form the past and past participle forms by adding –ed to the base form.

Wind and wound

Wind means ‘turn, tighten a spring etc’.

Past and participle forms are: wound and wound

Wound means ‘injure in a battle’. Wound is a regular verb and forms its past and past participle forms by adding –ed to the base form.

Wound / wounded / wounded