Mixed Conditional

There are two types of mixed conditional sentences. One of them states the present result of a past condition and the other states the past result of a present or continuing condition.

Present result of a past condition

Here we use a past perfect in the if-clause and would + infinitive in the main clause.

  • If I had accepted that job I would be a millionaire now.
  • If I had married him I would live happy now.
  • If I had worked harder, I would get a promotion.
  • If I hadn’t overslept, I would not miss my flight.
  • If she hadn’t eaten so much junk food, she would not develop these health problems.

In these sentences the time is past in the If-clause and present in the main clause. They refer to an unreal past condition and its probable result in the present.

Past result of a present or continuing condition

Here we use a simple past in the If clause and would have + past participle in the main clause.

  • If I didn’t love him I wouldn’t have married him. (= I love him and that is why I married him.)
  • If I were invited would have come. (= I was not invited. Therefore I did not go)
  • If I were aware of his intentions, I would not have invited him to my party.
  • If I listened to him, I would not have landed myself in trouble.
  • If you started earlier, you would not have missed the train.

They refer to an unreal present situation and its probable (but unreal) past result.

  • If I were a good cook, I would have invited them to lunch. (= I am not a good cook so I can’t invite them to lunch.)
  • If I knew English, I would have got a better job.
  • If she had more patience, I would have married her.
  • If he received emergency blood transfusion, he would not have succumbed to his injuries.

Manjusha Nambiar

Hi, I am Manjusha. This is my blog where I give English grammar lessons and worksheets.

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