I am writing.
She is writing.
You are writing.
I am not writing.
She is not writing.
You are not writing.
Am I writing?
Is she writing?
Are you writing?
Uses of the present progressive tense
To denote time around now
We use the present progressive to talk about temporary actions and situations that are going on ‘around now’.
- It is raining.
- I am writing letters.
- She is having a bath at the moment.
- Hurry up! We are all waiting for you.
- What are you doing? I am doing my homework.
- The kettle is boiling.
The present progressive suggests that the action began before the moment of speaking; it is going on at the moment of speaking and will probably go on after the moment of speaking.
Developing and changing situations
The present progressive can be used to talk about developing and changing situations.
- The universe is expanding.
- It is getting darker.
- The climate is getting warmer.
- You are getting younger every day.
Talking about the future
We often use the present progressive to talk about the future.
- She is leaving for Mumbai on Monday.
- What are you doing tomorrow evening?
- Janet is coming soon.
Verbs that refer to physical feelings (e.g. hurt, ache, feel) can often be used in simple or continuous tenses without much difference of meaning.
- My tooth aches. OR My tooth is aching.
- How do you feel? OR How are you feeling?
Verbs not used in continuous forms
There are some verbs which are never or hardly ever used in progressive forms.
- I like his attitude. (NOT I am liking …)
- I rang her up because I needed to talk. (NOT … because I was needing to talk.)
- I have only known her for two days. (NOT I have only been knowing her …)
Some other verbs are not used in progressive forms when they have certain meanings.
- I am seeing the doctor at eight o’clock.
- I see (= understand) what you mean. (NOT I am seeing what …)
- I am feeling fine. OR I fell fine.
- I feel (= have an opinion) we shouldn’t do it. (NOT I am feeling we shouldn’t do it.)
- I think (= have an opinion) she is right. (NOT I am thinking …)
Formation of questions and negatives
Affirmative sentences in the present continuous tense can be converted into negative sentences by putting not after be (is, am, are).
- I am writing.
- I am not writing.
- She is singing.
- She is not singing.
- They are waiting for us.
- They are not waiting for us.
Sentences in the present continuous tenses can be converted into questions by putting be before the subject.
- They are going to the park. (Statement)
- Are they going to the park? (Question)
- He is writing letters. (Statement)
- Is he writing letters? (Question)
- I am making a cake. (Statement)
- Am I making a cake? (Question)
- It is raining. (Statement)
- Is it raining? (Question)