That is simply a connector. It shows that a declarative clause forms part of a larger sentence.


  • I understand. You are right. (two separate sentences)
  • I understand that you are right. (The clause you are right has become the object of the verb in the larger sentence.)

That-clauses: functions

That-clauses can have various functions in sentences. A that-clause can be the subject.

  • That she should forget me so quickly was rather a shock.

It can be the complement.

  • The main thing is that she is happy.

Many verbs can have that-clauses as objects.

  • I will see that a meal is ready for you when you get home tonight.
  • We knew that she would be happy.

Many nouns and adjectives can be followed by that-clauses as complements.

  • His manners are so bad that nobody invites him to a party.
  • You may go on condition that you will not come home alone.

Note that not all verbs, nouns or adjectives can be followed by that-clauses. For the structures that are possible after particular verbs, nouns and adjectives, see a good dictionary.

Preparatory it

In many cases, it is used as a preparatory subject or object for a that-clause.

  • She made it clear that she wanted to leave. (NOT She made that she wanted to leave.)
  • It surprised me that she was still in bed. (More natural than That she was still in bed surprised me.)

The fact that

That-clauses cannot follow prepositions directly. We use the expression the fact that.

  • The judge paid no attention to the fact that she had just lost her husband. (NOT The judge paid no attention to that she …)
  • He held her responsible for the fact that she took food without paying for it. (NOT He held her responsible for that she took …)
  • In spite of the fact that she had three small children he sent her to prison. (NOT In spite of that she had …

Manjusha Nambiar

Hi, I am Manjusha. This is my blog where I give English grammar lessons and worksheets.

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