Tenses in subordinate clauses

In subordinate clauses we often use present tenses to refer to the future. This usually happens after conjunctions like when, until, after, before, as soon as, if and whether.

Present tenses are also used after question words and relative pronouns to refer to the future.

In comparisons with as and than both present and future verbs are possible.

Future in subordinate clauses

If the main verb does not refer to the future, a future verb is necessary for future reference in a subordinate clause.

After expressions like in case, I hope, I bet and it doesn't matter a present tense is normally used with a future meaning.

Sections in this article

The simple present tense
The present progressive tense
The present perfect tense
The present perfect progressive tense
Present tenses to talk about the future


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