Is, Am, Are

The forms is, am and are are used in the present tense; was and were are used in the past tense.


Use is when the subject is a singular noun or a third person singular pronoun (he, she or it).

  • Shiva is my friend.
  • He is an archeologist.
  • Uma is an eminent pediatrician. She works at a private hospital.
  • The elephant is the biggest animal on land.
  • The baby is crying. It is hungry.


Use are when the subject is a plural noun or a plural pronoun like you, we and they.

  • You are the most wonderful person I have met.
  • They are working on an important project.
  • We are still waiting to hear from them.
  • The children are busy with their studies.
  • These mangoes are very sweet.
  • Those memories are painful.


Use am when the subject is the first person pronoun I.

  • I am writing.
  • I am working.

Manjusha Nambiar

Hi, I am Manjusha. This is my blog where I give English grammar lessons and worksheets.

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