The present continuous tense is used to talk about things that are happening at the moment of speaking. For example, I am working on my computer at the moment. What are you doing? You are learning grammar.
Form: Subject + is / am / are + -ing form of the verb
- What is your mother doing now? Is she cooking? No, she is watching TV.
- What is your sister doing at the moment? She is doing her homework.
- What is your brother doing now? He is playing in the garden.
- What is your father doing now? He is fixing his car.
Now that you have become familiar with this tense form talk about other things you know are happening now.
- What are the birds doing? The birds are chirping.
- What is the baby doing? The baby is sleeping.
- What are the children doing? The children are playing cricket in the garden.
- What are you doing now? You are learning about the present continuous tense.
Take a story book with lots of pictures. Go through the pages and ask yourself questions based on the pictures.
- What are the girls doing now? They are singing.
- What are the birds doing now? They are flying in the sky.
- What is the cat doing now? It is chasing a mouse.
- What is the fox doing? The fox is trying to catch the rabbit.
- What are the boys doing? Are they flying kites? No, they are playing cricket.
- What is the girl holding in her hand? Is she holding a bird? No, she is not holding a bird.
- What is the girl doing? The girl is carrying a pail of water.
- She is holding a puppy in her hand. The puppy is howling in pain because it has hurt its leg.
- What is the old man doing?
- Is he sleeping? No, he is not sleeping. He is sitting under a tree.
- What are the dogs doing? Are they chasing a cat? No, they are not chasing a cat. They are fighting over a bone.
Can you recognize the present continuous tense form? It is formed with is / am / are + -ing form of the verb.
Use is when the subject is a singular noun or a third person singular pronoun (he, she, it).
- She is running.
- Father is jogging.
- He is playing.
- It is raining.
- The dog is barking.
- Mother is reading.
Use are when the subject is a plural noun or a plural pronoun (we, you and they).
- They are working.
- The child is sleeping.
- The girls are dancing.
- You are disturbing me.
- We are waiting for you.
- The birds are singing.
Use am when the subject is the first person pronoun I.
- I am working on my computer.