What Are Adjectives?

An adjective is a word like clever, beautiful, green, hungry, brave, which is used when we describe people, things, events etc. Adjectives are used in connection with nouns and pronouns.

  • He wore a red shirt.
  • We need some square tables.
  • Each hand has five fingers.
  • You are naughty.
  • She is a beautiful girl.
  • He is an honest boy.
  • This is a wooden chair.
  • She wore a gold necklace.
  • It was an earthen pot.
  • Sugar is sweet.

Position of adjectives

Most adjectives can go in two main positions in a sentence:

a) before a noun (attributive position)

  • Our new principal is an old lady.
  • He is a clever boy.

b) after be, seem, look and other copular verbs (predicative position)

  • I am glad to meet you.
  • You don’t look happy to see me.
  • The milk turned sour.
  • She felt bad.

When two or more adjectives come together, we sometimes put and before the last one and sometimes not. The rules are as follows.

After a verb

When adjectives come in predicative position (after be, seem and similar verbs), we usually put and before the last one.

He was tall, dark and handsome.
She was like a winter’s day: short, dark and dirty.

In a very literary style, and is sometimes left out.

Before a noun

In attributive position (before a noun), and is less common.

A tall, dark, handsome cowboy

Note that and has to be used when two or more adjectives refer to different parts of something.

A yellow and black sports car
A concrete and glass factory

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Manjusha Nambiar

Hi, I am Manjusha. This is my blog where I give English grammar lessons and worksheets.

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