Sometimes we answer a statement by asking for more information. Questions of this kind have a very simple structure.
Study the following examples.
- ‘Rani is quitting her job.’ ‘Why?’ (More natural than ‘Why is Rani quitting her job?’)
- ‘Aruna is getting married.’ ‘When?’(More natural than ‘When is Aruna getting married?’)
- ‘The head teacher wants to see you.’ ‘What for?’(More natural than ‘For what does the head teacher want to see me?’)
- ‘The trains aren’t running?’ ‘Why not?’(More natural than ‘Why aren’t the trains running?’)
We can convert a negative statement into a question in two different ways.
Compare the example given below.
- Ramya does not like to watch TV.
- We can convert this into a question in two different ways.
- Does Ramya not like to watch TV? (This is somewhat formal.)
- Doesn’t Ramya like to watch TV? (This is less formal.)
- She didn’t get the first prize.
- Didn’t she get the first prize?
- Did she not get the first prize?