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Exclamations are often constructed with how and what or with so and such. Negative question forms are also common.
Exclamations with how
Form: how + adjective/adverb + subject + verb
- How cold it is! (NOT How it is cold!)
- How beautifully she sings!
The structure how + subject + verb is also possible.
- How you have grown!
Exclamations with what
Form: what a/an (+ adjective) + singular countable noun
- What a lovely song! (NOT What lovely song!)
- What a surprise! (NOT What surprise!)
We use what + adjective before an uncountable or plural noun.
- What lovely flowers! (NOT What a lovely flowers!)
- What fools! (NOT What a fools!)
- What beautiful weather! (NOT What a beautiful weather!)
What + object + subject + verb
- What a beautiful smile you have! (NOT What a beautiful smile have you!)
Exclamations with so and such
Different structures are possible.
Form: so + adjective
- You are so sweet!
Form: such a/an (+ adjective) + singular countable noun
- He is such a nice boy!
Form: such (+ adjective) + uncountable/plural noun
- They are such kind people!
- They talk such rubbish!