A computer that uses moving parts to show changing information
Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU)
The component of a Central Processing Unit (CPU) responsible for the performance of arithmetic and logical operations
The ability of a computer to perform tasks that usually requires human intelligence
A translating program used to convert assembly language to machine language
A simple programming language, BASIC stands for Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code.
The number representation system, used in computers, with only two digits, 0 and 1
A computer program used to move around the Internet
A unit of information in a computer that stands for a letter, number, or symbol. A byte usually consists of eight bits.
Short for Compact Disc Read Only Memory. CD-ROM stores data for computers.
A single letter, number or symbol. In computers, a character is the same as a byte.
A tiny, flat piece of silicon with a complete electric circuit on it. A chip stores and processes data in a computer.
A high level commercial programming language
A flat, round, plastic disk that is often called a CD. A compact disc records sounds in a spiral track containing millions of tiny pits.
A program which translates a source program written in a high level language into a low-level language
A high speed machine for calculating and handling information
Short for Central Processing Unit. CPU is the heart of a computer. It receives instructions from the user and then guides the computer’s operations
A symbol that moves on a computer screen to mark a position
Everything that can be seen or heard through a computer
To correct a problem in a computer’s hardware or software
To remove a character, data, or a file from a computer’s memory or disk
A computer that uses numbers to present information or measurements
A file of data or text that is stored in the computer’s memory
Short for Disk Operating System. A program that directs a computer
To move a computer file from one computer to another or to a disk
Short for electronic mail. A message sent from one computer to another
A document or complete unit of data stored in a computer’s memory or on a disk.
A flat magnetic disk that stores information for computers
A complete set of type. Each font contains letters, numbers and symbols of one style.
Formula Translating System. FORTRAN is a high level programming language
Output from a computer that is printed on a page
The main memory or storage medium within a computer
A type of computer that combines the best features of analog and digital computer
A computer link between related bits of information. Hypertext makes it possible to quickly jump from one topic to another
Data that are entered into a computer
Connection between two parts of a computer
A worldwide computer network made up of many smaller networks
Local Area Network (LAN)
A relatively inexpensive, simple communication system linking a number of computers within a defined small locality
The term used to represent 1 million bytes of storage
A list of possible operations and functions
Mobile broadband allows you to do all the things you usually use your broadband connection for without needing a fixed-line telephone connection. This means you can access the internet while you’re on the move; on public transport, away from home, on holiday, or at university. Mobile broadband can be accessed with a number of devices, including mobile phones, dongles and data cards.
The display screen that shows the output of a computer
The main circuit board in a computer. The motherboard contains the CPU.
A handheld device that moves the cursor on the monitor
A small computer used by one person at a time. Personal computer is often shortened to PC. Also called microcomputer.
Random Access Memory (RAM)
Main memory of a computer. Information can be read from and written to RAM by the user and therefore it is called read/write memory
Read Only Memory (ROM)
ROM is part of a computer’s memory that contains data and instructions that cannot be changed.
The instructions that direct a computer to perform many tasks