Conjunctions And Relative Pronouns

Just like conjunctions, relative pronouns also connect two clauses. However, there are some differences.

A conjunction merely connects two clauses. It serves no other purpose in the sentence.

  • He is an honest officer. He has earned many enemies over the years.

We can connect these two clauses using the conjunction as.

  • As he is an honest officer, he has earned many enemies over the years.

Here the conjunction as merely connects the two clauses. It has no other role.

A relative pronoun, on the other hand, not only connects the two clauses but also acts as the subject or object of the relative clause.

Study the sentences given below.

  • He is an honest officer. He has won the admiration of even his enemies.

We can connect these two clauses using the relative pronoun who.

  • He is an honest officer who has won the admiration of even his enemies. (NOT He is an honest officer who he won the…)

Here the relative pronoun who not only connects the two clauses but also acts as the subject of the relative clause who has won the admiration of even his enemies.

See Also: Conjunctions vs. Relative Pronouns

Conjunctions and relative pronouns exercise for class 10

Combine the following sentences using a conjunction or relative pronoun.

  1. This is Meera. She is my cousin.
  2. This is the office. I work here.
  3. She is quite old. She is still very healthy.
  4. Everybody knows that smoking is bad for health. Few nations have banned it.
  5. I wanted to talk to him in person. I went to his home.
  6. I know a merchant. He trades in spices.
  7. I called the man. He was waiting outside.
  8. They live in an old house. It was built in the 19th century.
  9. Students study hard. They get good marks.
  10. I still remember the day. I first met her on that day.
  11. The girl’s hair reaches her knee. She is the brand ambassador of a hair oil.
  12. I know a girl. She makes models from clay.
  13. I don’t trust people. They are dishonest.
  14. She lost her memory. She suffered head injury in an accident.
  15. They praised the boy. His bravery saved many lives.
  16. I have many friends. They do not eat meat.
  17. The boy now wears a prosthetic leg. His leg had been amputated after an accident.
  18. I write to her regularly. She never writes back.

Answers

  1. This is Meera, who is my cousin.
  2. This is the office where I work.
  3. Though she is quite old, she is still very healthy. / She is quite old but she is still very healthy.
  4. Everybody knows that smoking is bad for health but few nations have banned it.
  5. I wanted to talk to him in person so I went to his home.
  6. I know a merchant who trades in spices.
  7. I called the man who was waiting outside.
  8. They live in an old house which was built in the 19th century.
  9. Students who study hard get good marks. / If students study hard, they get good marks.
  10. I still remember the day when I first met her.
  11. The girl whose hair reaches her knee is the brand ambassador of a hair oil.
  12. I know a girl who makes models from clay.
  13. I don’t trust people who are dishonest.
  14. She lost her memory after she suffered head injury in an accident.
  15. They praised the boy whose bravery saved many lives.
  16. I have many friends who do not eat meat.
  17. The boy whose leg had been amputated after an accident now wears a prosthetic leg
  18. I write to her regularly but she never writes back.

See Also

Manjusha Nambiar

Hi, I am Manjusha. This is my blog where I give English grammar lessons and worksheets.

1 Response

  1. September 30, 2023

    […] relative pronoun serves the same purpose as a conjunction. That means it connects two clauses. At the same time, it acts as the subject or object of the verb […]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.