Joining With Participles | Grammar Worksheet
We can use the present and past participle to combine two clauses.
The present participle is used when both clauses have the same subject and both actions take place simultaneously.
Study the example given below.
- He opened the door. He rushed out.
Here both clauses have the same subject and both actions take place at the same time.
We can express this idea using the present participle.
- Opening the door, he rushed out.
The perfect participle (having + past participle) is used when one action follows another action.
- I finished my work. I went out for a walk.
We can combine these two sentences using the perfect participle.
- Having finished my work, I went out for a walk.
The past participle can also be used to connect two clauses.
- He was encouraged by his friends. He made another attempt.
We can combine these two sentences using the past participle encouraged.
- Encouraged by his friends, he made another attempt.
Combine the following sentences using a present participle, past participle or perfect participle.
1. I saw the red light. I stopped the car.
2. He walked around the car. He examined the tyres.
3. The thief saw the cop. He ran away.
4. The man delivered the parcel. He left.
5. She worked hard. She finished the project on time.
6. He saw the snake. He backed out.
7. He heard a noise. He looked around.
8. The rioters stood at the gate. They started shouting.
1. Seeing the red light, I stopped the car.
2. Walking around the car, he examined the tyres.
3. Seeing the cop, the thief ran away.
4. Having delivered the parcel, the man left.
5. Working hard, she finished the project on time. / Having worked hard, she finished the project on time.
6. Seeing the snake, he backed out.
7. Hearing a noise, he looked around.
8. Standing at the gate, the rioters started shouting.