Simple Sentence, Complex Sentence, Compound Sentence
Types of Sentences
There are four different types of sentences: simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex.
A simple sentence has one main clause. That means it has one subject and one verb. In addition, a simple sentence can have adjectives and adverbs. Note that a simple sentence can’t have another main clause or any subordinate clauses.
Example are given below.
- Man is mortal.
- Alice is a beautiful girl.
- I have two kids.
A compound sentence consists of two or more main clauses. The clauses can be joined with a coordinating conjunction (e.g. for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) or a semicolon (;). As with a simple sentence, a compound sentence can’t have any subordinate clauses.
- Mike smokes but Peter doesn’t.
- Alice wrote the letters and Peter posted them.
A complex sentence contains one main clause and at least one subordinate clause. These sentences use subordinating conjunctions to link ideas.
- Parallel lines never meet (main) until (subordinating conjunction) you bend one of them (subordinate clause).
- Alice said (main clause) that she would come (subordinate clause).
- You may stay (main clause) as long as you want (subordinate clause).
- Will you wait (main clause) till I return (subordinate clause)?
- If you eat too much (subordinate clause) you will fall ill (main clause).
A compound-complex sentence has at least two main clauses and at least one subordinating clause. The dependent clause can be part of the independent clause.
- After she left university (subordinate), Alice moved to London (main) and her boyfriend followed her (main).