Adjectives of Quantity
Adjective of quantity answer the question how much?. Examples are: some, any, little, much, enough, sufficient, insufficient, all, whole, great etc.
- We need to buy some coffee.
- I have little faith in the system.
- She didnt each much breakfast.
- We havent got enough time.
- The meteorological department has predicted that there will be sufficient rain this year.
- All his life he worked for the poor and the needy.
- Have you got any rice?
Some is mostly used in affirmative sentences. Any is mostly used in negatives and interrogative sentences.
- There is some water in the pot.
- Is there any water in the pot?
- No, there isnt any water in the pot.
Little, a little and the littleLittle has a negative meaning. It means hardly any. A little indicates a very small quantity. Little is usually used with singular uncountable nouns.
- I have little interest in politics. (= I have hardly any interest in politics.)
- We have got a little milk. (= We have got a very little quantity of milk.)
- The cat drank the little milk we had. (= We only had a very little quantity of milk but the cat drank the whole of it.)
- We havent got enough chairs. (Here the adjective enough modifies the noun chairs.)
- He was kind enough to help me. (Here the adverb enough modifies the adjective kind.)
All and whole
All and whole have similar meanings, but they are used differently.
- He lived all his life in France. (NOT He lived his all life in France.)
- He lived his whole life in France. (NOT He lived whole his life in France.)