Order Of Adjectives Before Nouns

When several adjectives come before a noun, they usually have to be put in a particular order. The rules for adjective order are very complicated, and different grammars disagree about the details. Here are some of the most important rules:

Colour, origin, material and purpose

Adjectives (or modifying nouns) of colour, origin, material and purpose usually go in that order.

Red Italian leather riding boots
A Venetian glass flower vase

Other adjectives

Other adjectives usually go before words of colour, origin, material and purpose. It is impossible to give exact rules, but adjectives of size, length and height often come first.

A tall, ancient oak-tree (NOT An ancient, tall oak-tree)
A fat old lady
A small black leather bag
A round glass table

Judgments and attitudes

Adjectives which express judgments or attitudes usually come before all others. Examples are lovely, definite, pure, absolute, extreme, perfect, wonderful, silly.

A lovely, long, cool drink


Numbers usually go before adjectives.

Six large eggs
The second big shock


Before nouns, we generally use commas between adjectives. This is common in longer sequences.

An expensive, ill-planned, wasteful project

Commas can be dropped before short common adjectives.

Sections in this article


Adjectives placed before nouns

Adjectives placed after verbs

Adjectives without Nouns

Adjectives: order before nouns

Kinds of Adjectives

Adjectives with and

Complements of adjectives

See also

Adjective clauses

Relative clauses

Relative pronouns

Identifying relative clauses

Omission of relative pronouns

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