Active and passive voice

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When we say what people and things do, we use active verb forms. When we say what happens to people and things - what is done to them - we often use passive verb forms.

The object of an active verb corresponds to the subject of a passive verb.

In most cases, the subject of an active verb is not mentioned in the corresponding passive sentence. If it does have to be mentioned, this usually happens in an expression with by.

See also

Active and passive voice
Choice of passive structures
Passive verb forms
Verbs not used in the passive
Passives: agents
Passives: verbs with two objects
Passives: sentences with infinitive and clause objects
Passives: verbs with object and infinitive
Passives: object complements