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A subordinating conjunction joins a clause to another on which it depends for its full meaning. Clauses that follow subordinating conjunctions are called subordinate clauses.
Examples of subordinating conjunctions are: after, because, if, that, though, although, till, before, unless, as, when, where, while etc.
A subordinating conjunction together with its following clause acts like a part of the other clause.
The clause when I arrive is similar to tomorrow – it acts like an adverb in the clause I will phone you...
The clause that he loved me is similar to a story – it acts like the object in the clause He told me …
Position of subordinate clauses
Adverbial subordinating conjunctions and their clauses can go either at the beginning or end of sentences (depending on what is to be emphasized).
Note that when a subordinate clause begins a sentence it is more often separated by a comma.
Leaving words out
Words for repeated ideas cannot normally be left out in subordinating clauses. However, after if, when, while, until, unless and although, a pronoun subject and the verb be can often be dropped.
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