Transitive and intransitive verbs
Look at the following sentences.
- John likes tennis.
- I know John well.
- They gave me a book.
- The old man sat in a corner.
Now answer the following questions.
John likes ... what? Tennis
I know ... whom? John
Here the nouns tennis, John and a book are objects of the verbs likes, know and gave respectively.
A verb which has an object is called a transitive verb. Sometimes a transitive verb may have two objects.
Consider the sentence 'They gave me a book.'
They gave ... what? A book; to whom? Me
Here a book is the direct object of gave and me is the indirect object. Note that the answer to what or whom is the direct object and the answer to to whom or for whom is the indirect object. Usually the indirect object, if it is short, comes before the direct object.
Now consider the sentence 'The old man sat in a corner.'
The old man sat ... whom? What?
The questions are absurd and meaningless. The verb sat has no object.
A verb which has no object is called an intransitive verb.
Many verbs can be used both transitively and intransitively, i.e., with an object or without an object.
- He boiled (verb) some water (object). (transitive)
- The water boiled (verb). (no object - intransitive)
- You must always speak (verb) the truth (object). (transitive)
- He spoke (verb) fluently. (no object - intransitive)
Sections in this articleTransformation of sentences - I
Transformation of sentences - II
Transformation of a Simple sentence into a compound sentence
Transformation of a compound sentence into a simple sentence
Transformation of a simple sentence into a complex sentence
Transformation of a complex sentence into a simple sentence
Transformation of sentences containing too
Interchange of degrees of comparison
Combining two sentences using too...to and so...that
How to combine two sentences using too...to
More CBSE English Grammar worksheetsPassive voice worksheet | Simple past tense
Passive voice worksheet | Past continuous tense
Passive voice worksheet | Simple future tense
Passive voice worksheet | Future perfect tense