Transformation Of Sentences

The transformation of a sentence is all about changing its form without altering its meaning. We can, for example, transform an exclamatory sentence into an assertive sentence or vice-versa. We can also transform simple sentences into complex or compound sentences. You can learn the rules of transformation of sentences here.

Transformation of an exclamatory sentence into an assertive sentence

Exclamations are often constructed with how and what.

Exclamations with how

Mainly two structures are used.

How + adjective /adverb + subject + verb

How clever he is! (Note the word order – the adjective or the adverb goes before the subject and the verb goes after the subject.)
How intelligent you are!
How nice it is!
How cold it is!

How + subject + verb

How he has changed!
How you’ve grown!

Exclamations with what

We make exclamations with what when the adjective is followed by a noun. Note that this structure is used even when there is no adjective. Several structures are possible.

What a/an + adjective + singular countable noun

What a lovely girl!
What a nice surprise!
What a rude guy!
What a wonderful sight!

What a/an + singular countable noun

What a surprise!
What a tragedy!

What + adjective + plural / uncountable noun

What terrible weather!
What idiots!

Transformation of an exclamatory sentence into an assertive sentence

The transformation of a sentence means changing its form without altering its sense.

  • What a wonderful opportunity! (exclamatory)
  • It is a wonderful opportunity. (assertive)
  • O that I were young again! (exclamatory)
  • I wish I were young again. (assertive)
  • How kind of you to help him like that! (exclamatory)
  • It is very kind of you to help him like that. (assertive)
  • How noble he is! (exclamatory)
  • He is truly noble. (assertive)
  • What a great pleasure it is! (exclamatory)
  • This is indeed a great pleasure. (assertive)

Exercise

Change the assertive sentences given below into exclamatory sentences.

1. The moonlight sleeps upon this bank very sweetly.

2. Night is very beautiful.

3. It was a wonderful sight.

4. Man is a wonderful piece of work.

5. She is an incredibly beautiful woman.

Answers

1. How sweetly the moonlight sleeps upon this bank!

2. How beautiful the night is!

3. What a wonderful sight it was!

4. What a piece of work man is!

5. What a beautiful woman she is! OR How beautiful she is!

Note that in all of these structures the verb goes after the subject.

Transformation of an interrogative sentence into an assertive sentence

Study the examples given below.

  • Is not wisdom better than riches? (interrogative)
  • Wisdom is better than riches. (assertive)
  • Why worry about what people say? (interrogative)
  • It is foolish to worry about what people say. (assertive)
  • Did I ever ask you to do it? (interrogative)
  • I never asked you to do it. (assertive)
  • Is there any sense in doing that? (interrogative)
  • There is no sense in doing that. (assertive)
  • What does it matter whether we win or lose? (interrogative)
  • It matters little whether we win or lose. (assertive)

Change the following interrogative sentences into assertive sentences.

1. Is this the kind of dress to wear to work?

2. Is that the way a gentleman should behave?

3. Who does not know the vulture?

4. Can you gather grapes from thorns?

5. Shall I ever forget that experience?

Answers

1. This is not the kind of dress to wear to work.2. This is not the way a gentleman should behave.

3. Everybody knows the vulture.

4. You cannot gather grapes from thorns.

5. I shall never forget that experience.

Changing an imperative sentence into an interrogative sentence
  • Stop talking. (imperative)
  • Will you stop talking? (interrogative)
  • Shut the door. (imperative)
  • Will you shut the door? (interrogative)
  • Please, get me a glass of water. (imperative)
  • Will you, please, get me a glass of water? (interrogative)
  • Get out of here. (imperative)
  • Will you get out of here or not? (interrogative)

The interrogative is a milder or more polite form of the imperative. However, the addition of or not (see the last example) adds a touch of threat to the command.

Manjusha

Hi, I am Manjusha. This is my blog where I give English grammar lessons and worksheets. You may also want to check out my other blogs IELTS Practice and NCERT Guides

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